Decarbonization in China

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【Decarbonization in China】

Deliverable: Industry report PDF (162 pages)

Report contents: Among the trend of decarbonization in China, how to report their emission is one of the initial sterategic works. . The report claryfies the differences and similarities among reporting frameworks: CDP, SBTi, RE100, and national ETS (Emission Trading Scheme). Also, it explains availability and applicability of major carbon credits such as CCER and VCU and of renewable energy certificates including GEC, I-REC, and TIGR. Additionally, it gives the guidance about how to decarbonize emissions in China, especially Scope 2 emissions, which is the common issue in all industries, while introducing case studies in China.


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Table of Contents

Executive Summary


Part 1. Key Concepts toward Carbon Neutral

-Carbon neutral
-Overview of scope 1 & 2 & 3 emissions
-Double counting


Part.2 International Initiatives


Part.2-1 CDP

-CDP scoring
-Topic coverages of CDP Climate Change questionnaire
-Guidance in Scope 1
-Guidance in Scope 2
-Guidance in Scope 3
-Appendix: Reference of emission factors

Part. 2-2 SBTi

-Requirements and participation procedure
-Summary of criteria
-Key elements
-Overview of target-setting approach
-Absolute-based approach
-Sector-based approach
-Science-based Target Tool
-Economic-based approach
-Engagement target
-Target examples



Part 2-3. RE100

-Key criteria: renewable resources
-Key criteria: 6 principles
-Double-claiming issue in China’s RPS system
-Noted points
-Impactful procurement: 15-years-rule
-Target examples

Part 3. Carbon Offset Credit

Part 3-1. National Emissions Trading Scheme

-Development phases of the national emissions trading scheme
-Transaction status quo of the national ETS
-National ETS administration structure
-Primary market
-Primary market: CEA allocation methodology
-Secondary market
-Secondary market: CEA transaction methods
-National ETS transaction procedure
-Emission scopes in China’s ETS
-Compatibility with CDP – Scope 1
-Compatibility with CDP – Scope 2
-Compatibility with CDP


Part 3-2. Chinese Certified Emission Reduction (CCER)

-Channels to purchase CCER
-Appendix: Carbon neutral certificate

Appendix: Local program: BFCER/PHCER/FFCER


Part 3-3. Verified Carbon Standard (VCS) 

-VCS Mechanisms
-Examples of VCU retirees

Part 3-4. The Gold Standard (GS) 

-GS mechanism
-Examples of  VER retirees
-Appendix: How to retire credit

Part 3-5. Summary of Voluntary Credit 

-Applicability to initiatives
-How to purchase voluntary credit


Part 4. RE Attribute

Part 4-1. Major Sourcing Models of Environmental Attribute

-Evaluation criteria
-Evaluation of each approach
-On-site production
-On-site PPA
-Direct transmission from off-site generators
-Green Electricity Mid-to-Long Term Contract
-Green Electricity Certificate (GEC)

Part 4-2. Renewable Energy Portfolio Standards (RPS) 

-General introduction
-Administration structure
-RPS consumption amount (over-consumption) trade

-Appendix: RPS results in each province in 2021


Part 4-3. Green Electricity Certificate (GEC) 

-Main players in the GEC system
-Pickup unique transaction rules of GEC
-Transaction rules and real practice of GEC
-How to purchase in China via GEC platform
-Example of the GEC transaction platform
-WeChat Mini Program
-Current status
-Comparison of three types of certificate

Part 4-4. Green PPA 

-Green electricity trade scheme in China
-How to participate in the green electricity trade
-General procedure in the green electricity trade
-e-交易 app procedure for intra-provincial bilateral contract


Part 4-5. I-REC  



Part 4-6. TIGR 



Part 4-7. Summary of EACs 

-How to purchase I-REC / TIGR in China
-Purchase I-REC / TIGR via EnOSTM
-Three types of renewable certificate


Part 5. Case Study

Part 5-1. Management Software

-Carbon emission management software: Envisions EnOS Ark platform
-Dashboard example of Envisions EnOS Ark platform
-CEMS (Continuous Emission Monitoring System)
-CEMS controlling platform
-CEMS Case Study
-Energy Management System for emission reduction
-Dashboard example of Schneider’s


Part 5-2. Decarbonization of Heat & Electricity

-Vegetable dehydration industrial park biomass boiler project in Jiangsu
-Panasonic’s zero CO2 factories in China
-Key stakeholders in achieving carbon neutrality
-AB InBev Foshan
-BMW Brilliance
-Examples of renewable energy certificate redemption in China

Part 5-3. Carbon Emission Offset

-CCER case study: Toyota Tsusho China
-CCER case study: Guangdong Changlong Forest carbon sink project
-VCS case study: Shell
-VCS case study: Ocean Carbon Sink

-GS case study: Interface